|What constitutes intelligence?|
The opposition against the IQ test has lingered for quite a long time, as far back as craniometry through the study of bias in IQ testing, by Stephen Jay Gould even to this century down to the present decade. Truth be told, IQ test ain’t without some flaws and criticisms as evident in these ugly myths.
Why the oppositions?
The oppositions against the IQ test are not devoid of its limitations. Yes, the IQ test is limited in so many ways and this is what IQ critics use as their major premise against it. Ask yourself this question…
Do I prefer to take a test full of criticisms and rely on this as a real measure of my ability to act purposefully, think rationally, and deal effectively in every situation?
If your answer is a resonating NO, then you might have consciously or subconsciously rejected the whole idea of IQ beforehand.
Let’s have a look at some of the criticisms against the IQ test since these are quite related to its limitations thereof.
Critique 1: IQ Tests Do Not Measure Every Kind of Intelligence
Yes, use this free IQ test to get the idea. IQ tests are predictive of your potential to learn western logic, not really what the promise to test. Unfortunately, we can’t even handle all life’s problem with mere logic. What about musical and spiritual intelligence that IQ tests have ignored to measure.
Critique 2: IQ tests don’t quantify innovative and aesthetic capacities.
Creativity or innovativeness is yet another cognitive attribute undetectable by the IQ test. Since creativity involves dynamic solutions to even dynamic problems, it becomes increasingly difficult to rely totally on some implausible figure that is deemed unreliable.
Critique 3: IQ tests don’t quantify imaginative and aesthetic capacities.
Are you imaginative like Einstein once said…
Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited, imagination encircles the world.- Einstein.
Critique 4: IQ Tests are Imbued with Socio-cultural Bias
A frequently specified constraint of IQ tests is that they don’t deliver predictable scores across over social groups. An IQ test may incorporate inquiries that underline aptitudes that are vital to one social group and disregard abilities that are vital to another social group.
Critique 5: IQ tests are Myopic
Another constraint of IQ tests is that they endeavor to speak to a man’s general intellectual ability with a solitary score. IQ tests may evaluate your intelligent reasoning abilities and memory, however, neglect to measure your relational aptitudes or inventiveness. Along these lines, somebody who scores below normal on an IQ test may, in any case, have uncommon inventive capacities that IQ tests neglect.
Final note: Intelligence doesn’t have to be on paper, it doesn’t have to be online. Intelligence is more than just IQ.
Reference: Gould, S.J. (1981). The Mismeasure of Man. New York. W.W. Norton & Company.